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Discrete CollectionsThe Women's Library
TitlePapers of Vera (Jack) Holme
Ref No7VJH
Box Fetch NoBox 1-6; Album 1-3; Box OS02; PC 6.13; Museum Textile Rails 1-2
Extent6 A boxes, 5 Albums, 1 OS folder, 1 OS box, 1 object box, 2 garments, catalogued (plus 5 boxes glass slides awaiting conservation and cataloguing)
Admin Biographical HistoryVera Louise Holme (1881-1969) was born in Lancashire in 1881, the daughter of Richard Holme, a timber merchant, and his wife Mary Louisa Crowe. Holme was sent away from home as a young girl to be educated at a convent school in Belgium. As a young woman she was based in London, and began performing with touring acting companies, often as a male impersonator. She adopted a masculine style of dress, short hair, took on the nickname Jack or Jacko and had a lesbian circle of friends (including Edith Craig). She became a member of the D'Olyly Carte Opera company around 1906, performing in productions of Gilbert & Sullivan at the Savoy Opera House. By 1908 she was a member of the Actresses' Franchise League. She joined the Women's Social & Political Union (WSPU) in 1908 and was active in suffrage propaganda work such as greeting released prisoners from Holloway Prison in Mar 1909; working as a mounted marshal at a demonstration in Jun 1909 and acting the role of 'Hannah Snell' in Cicely Hamilton's 'Pageant of Great Women' in 1909. She was close to the centre of WSPU activity and social circles, staying with the Blathwayt family at Eagle's House in 1909, becoming the chauffeur for the Pankhursts and Pethick-Lawrences. She was imprisoned in Holloway Prison in 1911 for stone-throwing. From 1914-1920 she was an acting member of the Pioneer Players. At the outbreak of the First World War, Holme joined the Women's Volunteer Reserve, and then enlisted in the transport unit of the Scottish Women's Hospital (SWH), based in Serbia and Russia, where she was responsible for horses and trucks. During this time she was taken prisoner-of-war along with other members of the SWH, and held in Austria for several months. In Oct 1917 she delivered a report on the situation of the Serbian army on the Romanian Front to Lord Robert Cecil of the Foreign Office. She spent the remainder of the war giving lecture tours to publicise the work of the Scottish Women's Hospital Unit. In 1918 she became the administrator of the Haverfield Fund for Serbian Children - an orphanage set up by Evelina Haverfield, her companion from 1911 until her death in 1920. She continued to be involved in relief work for Serbia in various capacities throughout the 1920s -1930s, and remained interested in political issues in Yugoslavia throughout her life, returning to visit in 1934. She subsequently moved to Scotland where she lived with Margaret Greenless and Margaret Ker, friends from her suffrage days and also previously of the Scottish Women's Hospitals Unit. She became involved in the artistic scene centred around Kirkcudbright, led by Jessie M King and Dorothy Johnstone. As a lifelong friend of Edy Craig, she participated in performances staged in the Barn Theatre, Kent. She was close to her brother Richard (known as Dick or Gordon) Holme throughout her life, and her niece and nephew were named Vera and Jack after her. She was also active in the Women's Rural Institute from the early 1920s until her death in Scotland in 1969.
Custodial HistoryThe first accession was donated by Vera Holme's niece Mrs Woodbridge on 21 Nov 1973; further donations were made subsequently by Vera's great-nephew John Holme between 29 Jun 2006 and 8 Nov 2012. The material was recovered after the death of Vera Holme from her house in Scotland. Some material was given away when the house was cleared, and further material, inadvertently left at her house where it was stored above the garage, was sold by a subsequent owner of the house.
DescriptionThe archive consists of diaries, correspondence, photographs, memorabilia and two garments relating to Holme's activities as a suffragette; her work with the Women's Volunteer Reserve and the Scottish Women's Hospital Unit during the First World War; her visits to and relief work in Serbia / Yugoslavia; and her personal life and friendships. Many items across the collection relate to her girlfriend Evelina Haverfield.
Related MaterialThe Women's Library holds significant related material on the women's suffrage movement. See archives held in Strand 2: Women's Suffrage Societies.

Specifically related to the Scottish Women's Hospital are the following: The Women's Library also holds the Papers of Elsie Bowerman (7ELB); the Records of the Scottish Women's Hospital (2SWH); a Scrapbook [relating to the Scottish Women's Hospital] (10/22). The Women's Library Museum Collection holds postcards and photographs related to the Scottish Women's Hospital and of several of the women who served. Holme is also cited in the 'Roll of Honour of Suffragette Prisoners 1905-1914' a copy of which can be seen in 7LAC/2. Similarly the Printed Collections holds additional material such as 'The Scottish Women's Hospital at the French Abbey of Royaumont' by Antonio de Navarro (1917); 'The Little grey partridge : First World War diary of Ishobel Ross who served with the Scottish Women's Hospital Unit in Serbia' introduced by Jess Dixon (1988) as well as biographies of individuals such as 'Dr Elsie Inglis' by Lady Frances Balfour (1918). The Museum Collection at The Women's Library has photographs, including photographic postcards, of Vera Holme, including TWL.2002.341, TWL.2002.431, and TWL.2000.100. TWL.2000.192 is a photograph of Lazaravatz, by Vera Holme.

Papers of Ellen Terry and Edith Craig (containing items relating to Vera Holme) are held at Smallhythe Place, Kent and the British Library. As at May 2009 a catalogue of these papers is available on the Hull University Archives website at Each record in the catalogue database is marked SMA (Smallhythe Place) or BL (British Library) to indicate its location.

The Mitchell Library, Glasgow holds letters and reports of Elsie Inglis as well as correspondence, financial records, subscriptions, personnel files and various committee minutes created by the Scottish Headquarters, as well as reports from overseas units. Additional SWH members' materials are held in various archives: memoirs of Katherine North née Hodges are in the Leeds Russian Archive; the journals of Mary Lee Milne are held by the National Library of Scotland; papers of Lilas Grant and Ethel Moir are in the Edinburgh Central Library; the Lothian Health archives hold the letters of Yvonne Fitzroy; a Photograph album relating to the Scottish Women's Hospital in Salonika, 1907-1918 (ref RCPSG 74) is held at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow and the Schleisinger Library, Harvard University holds the papers of Ruth Holden.
Related Record2SWH
Access StatusOpen
Access ConditionsThis collection is partially available for research. The catalogued portion of the collection is available for research, uncatalogued material (glass slides and garments) remains unavailable. Readers are advised to contact The Women's Library @ LSE in advance of their first visit.
Copyright TypeCopyright is held by the creator.
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